Instead of restoring Russia's political and military standing, World War I would lead to horrifying military casualties on the Russian side and undermined it further. From the beginning the troops were not adequately supplied with weapons, or were led by incompetent generals and officers. Logistics were also a problem, since Russia's poorly maintained roads and railroads inhibited communication and distribution of supplies. Almost everywhere Russian forces were matched against German forces who had a superior advantage in weaponry, military talent, and logistics.
- small group critical thinking activities?
- intermountain newspaper elkins west virginia?
- achieve your goals essay.
World War I Russia's recent history was a litany of military failures. Most of Russia's fleet was sunk by the Japanese in that war.
While the Russian army enjoyed some initial successes against Austria-Hungary in , Russia's deficiencies — particularly regarding the equipment of its soldiers and the lack of advanced technology aeroplanes, telephones, poison gas became increasingly evident. Russia's first major battle of the war was a disaster. In the Battle of Tannenberg , over , Russian troops were killed, wounded, or captured, while Germany suffered only 20, casualties.
Whatever nationalistic or patriotic support the Russian government had gained in the initial time frame leading up to the war had been lost. In , things took a critical turn for the worse when Germany shifted its focus of attack to the Eastern front. The superior German army - better led, better trained, better supplied - was terrifyingly effective against the ill-equipped Russian forces. By the end of October , Russia had lost between 1. These were staggering losses. Mutinies began to occur, and in reports of fraternizing with the enemy started to circulate.
Soldiers went hungry and lacked shoes, munitions, and even weapons. Sometimes entire regiments would be sent to the front without guns, only hoping that before they made contact with the enemy, they would find weapons from soldiers that had been killed in earlier waves. Heavy artillery was also in such short supply in many engagements, that for every shells fired by the Russian forces the Germans would respond with up to 3, Rampant discontent lowered morale, only to be further undermined by a series of military defeats.
In the autumn of , Nicholas had taken direct command of the army, personally overseeing Russia's main theatre of war and leaving his ambitious though incapable wife Alexandra in charge of the government. Reports of corruption and incompetence in the Imperial government began to emerge, and the growing influence of Grigori Rasputin in the Imperial family was widely resented.
The Russian Revolution of 1917
Nicholas was blamed for all these crises, and what little support he had left began to crumble. As this discontent grew, the State Duma issued a warning to Nicholas in November stating that disaster would overtake the country unless a constitutional form of government was put in place. In typical fashion, Nicholas ignored them. As a result, Russia's Tsarist regime collapsed a few months later during the February Revolution of A year later, the Tsar and his family were executed.
Ultimately, Nicholas's inept handling of his country and the War destroyed the Tsarist regime and would ultimately cost him both his rule and his life. February Revolution. This reference article is mainly selected from the English Wikipedia with only minor checks and changes see www. See also our Disclaimer. Russian Federation. This weakness emboldened the workers to come out in even greater numbers in the following days. On 24 February as many as , workers had taken to the streets.
They marched from the industrial areas, crossed the bridges, and occupied the Nevksy, looting shops, and overturning trams and carriages. There were fights with the police and Cossacks on the bridges. By mid-afternoon the crowds on the Nevsky had been swollen by students, shopkeepers, office workers and spectators. Historians have long argued about whether these demonstrations were spontaneous or organised by revolutionaries.
My own view is that they were more spontaneous than organised but that they had an internal organisation of their own in the form of unnamed members of the crowd who shouted out directions.
Table of Contents
This revolution was the result of many things, though it majorly began as a revolt by the peasant and working classes against the current czar, Nicholas II, and the Russian government. It was when the final czar and his family were killed. This revolution is what led Lenin and the Bolsheviks into power. It was a.
John McNally Ms. Trotsky was a Marxist revolutionary who played a leading role in the Revolution, in the eventual Communist Revolution of October , and in the Russian Civil War.
- critical thinking journal entries.
- February Revolution begins in Russia.
- Essay on The Causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917;
- Essay on Russian Revolution;
- politics extended essay criteria.
His own beliefs on Marxism combined with his intellect made Trotsky a target. The Russian Revolution in March There where many reasons that led to the fall of tsarism in march One of them was tsars' incompetence and the fact that he was incapable of finding effective ministers, or of supporting those he appointed. He listened not to the Duma's advises but to his wife, friends and favorites. One friend was particularly disliked, the unsavory Rasputin. His name was Gregory Efimovitch but most people called him Rasputin, "the immortal one", a Siberian peasant who claimed to be a Starets, a holy man of God.
He was a wonderer whose uncouth appearance and outrageous behavior upset St.
Russian Revolution essay questions
Petersburg society. Claiming mysterious powers of prophesy and healing, he …show more content…. From the start of Nicholas reign she encouraged Nicholas to rule as an autocrat and to ignore new ideas about sharing power with people. In Nicholas went to military headquarters to take command leaving the Empress in charge.